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 Geography

Province located on the south coast of Cuba's central region. It has an extension of 4176,7 sq km (1612,6 sq mi) and an estimated population of 384 362 inhabitants (1996). The province ranks thirteenth in extension and fourteenth population. Along this region, plain zones, like Cienfuegos and Manacas plains, predominate. Those plains are located to the west and center of the province respectively while to the eastern part we find the heights of Santa Clara and the mountains of Guamuhaya, the latter having the highest point in the province and central region of Cuba, Pico San Juan (1140 m, 3739 ft) and the Martín Infierno cave treasuring a 50 m (164 ft) high and 30 m (98 ft) wide stalagmite.
Cienfuegos' fluvial system is represented by rivers Damují, Caunao, Arimao, Salado, and San Juan among others. Highly important are Ciego Montero mineral, medicinal, and thermal waters. Cienfuegos bay is characterized by its depth, its narrow entrance channel, and its wide interior. In addition, the waterfalls of El Nicho, located in Sierra de Trinidad mountain range, and the Guajimico zone are ideal sites for those loving nature and adventure tourism.

Municipality
 Municipality
01 Aguada de Pasajeros
02 Rodas
03 Palmira
04 Lajas
05 Cruces
06 Cumanayagua
07 Cienfuegos
08 Abreus

 Statistics 1999
 Surface area 4 178 km2 
 Resident population 395 135 inh 
 Average population 393 744 
 Female population 49,5 
 Population in working age 234 020 
 Urbanization index 80,7 %
 Population density 94,6 inh/ km2 
 Life expectancy at birth (1994-1995) 75,85
 Birthrate 13,4 
 General mortality rates (per 1000 live) 7,4 
 Infant mortality rate(per 1000 live births) 5,9 
 Fecundity global rate (children per woman) 1,61 
 Reproduction gross rate (daughters per woman) 0,78 
 Inhabitants per physician 183 
 Inhabitants per dentist 1 175 
 Initial matricula (Course 1999/2000) 78 450 
   Primary education 34 050 
   Intermediate education 30 450 
   Higher education 3 087 
 Graduates (Course 1998/1999) 15 186 
   Primary education 5 716 
   Intermediate education 7 272
   Higher education 436 
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